An Overview of Hat
Lecturer, Dept. of Fashion Design
KCC Women’s College (Affiliated by Khulna University)
A hat is a head covering. It may be worn for protection against the elements, for ceremonial or religious reasons, for safety, or as a fashion accessory. In the past, hats were an indicator of status. In the military, they may denote rank and regiment.
History of Hat:
One of the first pictorial depictions of a hat appears in a Thebes tomb painting which shows a man wearing a coolie-style straw hat. other early hats were the Pileus, a simple skull cap; the Phrygian cap worn by freed slaves in Greece and Rome; and the Greek Pestasos, the first known hat with a brim. Women wore veils, kerchiefs, hoods, caps and wimples.
Structured hats for women similar to those of male courtiers began to be worn in the late 16th century. The term ‘milliner’ comes from the Italian city of Milan, where the best quality hats were made in the 18th century. Millinery was traditionally a woman’s occupation, with the milliner not only creating hats and bonnets but also choosing lace, trimmings and accessories to complete an outfit.
In the first half of the 19th century, women wore bonnets that gradually became larger, decorated with ribbons, flowers, feathers and gauze trims. By the end of the century, many other styles were introduced, among them hats with wide brims and flat crowns, the flower pot and the toque. By the middle of the 1920s, when women began to cut their hair short, they chose hats that hugged the head like a helmet.
Hat design: Parts of a Hat
A hat consists of four main parts:
- Crown – The portion of a hat covering the top of the head
- Peal- (British English), visor (American English), or bill, a stiff projection at the front, to shade or shield the eyes from sun and rain
- Brim- an optional projection of stiff material from the bottom of the hat’s crown horizontally all around the circumference of the hat
- Puggaree –(British) or sweatband or hatband (American), a ribbon or band that runs around the bottom of the torso of the hat. The sweatband may be adjustable with a cord or rope at the top and is on the inside of the hat touching the skin while the hatband and puggaree are around the outside.
Different Types of Hat:
- Akubra: Australian felt hat with a wide brim.
- Baseball cap: A type of soft, light cotton cap with a rounded crown and a stiff, frontward-projecting bill.
- Bearskin: The tall, furry hat of the Brigade of Guards’ full-dress uniform, originally designed to protect them against sword-cuts, etc. Commonly seen at Buckingham Palace in London, England. Sometimes mistakenly identified as a Busby.
- Beret: A soft round cap, usually of woollen felt, with a bulging flat crown and tight-fitting brimless headband. Worn by both men and women and traditionally associated with France and the military. Often part of [European?] schoolgirls’ uniform during the 1920s, 30s and 40s.
- Capotain: A hat worn between the 1590s and 1640s in England and northwestern Europe. Also known as a “Pilgrim hat” in the United States.
- Cordobés: Flat brimmed and flat-topped traditional hat originating from Cordoba, Spain.
- Cowboy Hat: A High-crowned, wide-brimmed hat, with a sweatband on the inside, and a decorative hat band on the outside. Customized by creasing the crown and rolling the brim.
- Fedora: A soft felt hat with a medium brim and lengthwise crease in the crown.
- Fez: Red felt hat in the shape of a truncated cone, common to Arab-speaking countries.
- Flat cap: A soft, round wool or tweed men’s cap with a small bill in front.
- Garrison or Forage cap: A foldable cloth cap with straight sides and a creased or hollow crown.
- Ghutrah: Three piece ensemble consisting of a Thagiyah skull cap, Gutrah scarf, and Ogal black band. Gutrahs are plain white or checkered, denoting ethnic or national identities.
- parts of a flat fedora; sun hats for swing;