Basic Steps of Pattern Making
Nishat Nawshin Ruchi
Lecturer, Dept. of Fashion Design
KCC Women’s College (Affiliated by Khulna University)
Pattern making depends on:
The making of pattern depends on some characteristics of the pattern maker given below:
- Personal skills
- Educational knowledge about pattern making
- Technical and technological knowledge
- Sense of design and analytical capability
- Experience of garments making.
Pattern making steps:
There are so many steps are available for making pattern. Which are used in the garments industry for sample or bulk production only. Among them two steps are in use for making pattern given below:
- Block pattern or basic block
- Working or garments pattern
1. Block pattern or basic block:
It is the individual component of garments without any design or style. It is produced by maintaining exact dimension of standard body measurement where no allowance is considered.
It’s made by two types:
- Flat method
In the method different parts of garments i.e. body, sleeve and so on are made by technical drawing. In the technical drawing body measurement and application of method depends on pattern maker. This can be made by computer programming in which pre-determined and pre-fashioned information are stored to support various styles.
It is primary and ancient method of pattern making. It is widely used still now in garments industry. Block is made adjusting the measurement with a statue which is generally named as “toile”. Calico fabric is worn on the body of “Toile” and then it’s taken off and placed over the flat space to take the dimension and to make the pattern. It is drawn on hard paper. It is a time consuming method.
2. Working or garments pattern:
Garments pattern is made on the basic of block. Individual block pattern are drawn on hard paper or mount board. Alternate i.e. seam allowances, trimming allowances, center front line, center back line, button hole, dart, pleat and so on are considered.
U or V notches are marked for the ape addition of the components and proper alignment on the seam line.
Grain lines are shown over the pattern. After drawing each components are separated from the board by knife or scissor. Individual parts name size; style number ate also marked over it. Sample garments are made from this pattern.
- garments design and pattern making khulna;