Costume Components for Men of the Edwardian Period and World War-1 (1900-1920)
Dept. of Fashion Design
KCC Women’s College (Affiliated by Khulna University)
Hair And Headdress
Hair: Generally hair was short. The war helped to diminish the popularity of beards and mustaches, as they were more difficult to keep clean in combat zones and interfered with gas masks.
Hats: In this period, hats were almost always made of beaver fur felt. It is one of the common costume components for men.
Top Hats: The mid height beaver fur or silk Top hat with curled brim was still the best hat for formal wear in the 1920′s.
Trilby: Trilby’s featured tall crowns with a crease down the center, rolled up side brims and a wide peters ham band with flat bow on one side and soft felt hats. Common colors were black or brown with matching band.
Homburg: A cousin of the bowler is the Homburg. Worn in the decade preceding the 20′s the Homburg looked like a bowler with a long crease down the middle. It is soft felt hats.
Stetson Felt Hats: Western-style Stetson felt hats were worn in some parts of the United States.
Panama Straw Hats: For summer men used panama straw hats and straw boaters and linen hats made in derby or fedora-like shapes.
Bowler or Derby Hat: The edges were curled all around and finished with matching pertersham ribbon. It was designed to protect a man’s head while riding through bushes and ducking under branches.
Fedora Hat: 1920′s men’s fedoras feature wide 3 inch brims that were shaped downward on both the front and back side thus making the sides rolled slightly upwards.
Flat cap or Gatsby hat: The hat that the Great Gatsby wears most is the flat cap. Also knows as Ivy cap, cab driver hats, newsboy cap, driving cap and big apple cap. It has a small brim that the top rests on.
Stockings: These were usually neutral colors, with a few stripes, or multicolored styles. Stockings had ribbed tops and were held up with elastic garters.
Shoes: In the early part of the century shoes had long, pointed toes, and laced or buttoned to close. Many were cut high, above the ankle. For evening black patent leather slippers were popular. After 1910, oxfords (low, laced shoes) increased in use. Some had perforated designs on the toes, others were two-toned, and some were made in white buckskin for summer. Sturdy, laced high shoes were still favored by many for everyday. By the end of the decade, rounded more blunt toes were more popular.
Boots: Boots were less fashionable but when worn were Cut high, above the ankle.
Walking sticks were popular until automobiles came into widespread use. Other accessories for men were gloves, handkerchiefs, scarves and suspenders.
Walking sticks: They used decorative sticks for fashion.
Gloves: These would cover the wrist area.
Scarves: They usedscarves hanging from on their neck.
Handkerchiefs: They used handkerchiefs in their pocket.
Jewelry was mostly limited to tie pins, shirt studs, rings, and cuff links. Wristwatches gained popularity as a result of their wartime use and because of the increased use of automobiles. (The inconvenience of pocket watches to soldiers and drivers proved the value of wristwatches).
Tie pins: They used decorative tie pins.
Shirt studs: They used shirt studs on their neck.
Rings: They used decorative rings.
Cuff links: They used cuff links on their cuff.
Wristwatches & pocket watches: They used wristwatches on their hand. They were also use pocket watches for proved the value of wristwatches. It is the fashionable costume components for men.
Suspenders: Mens used suspenders with their pant.
Cosmetics: Mens used perfumes like- Jicky, Les Perfumes de Rosine.
- Book of “A survey of historic costume” (Phyllis G. Tortora, Keith Eubank,Fairchild Publications, 1994).