Different Types of Embroidery Stitches
Dept. of Fashion Design
KCC Women’s College (Affiliated by Khulna University),
Embroidery Stitches :
Every since the earlier days of man, embroidery has played an integral part in everyday life. Form man s basic need for shelter, clothing storage and transportation of good stuff, arose the craft of intertwining, weaving fibers and grasses into ruff dwellings, coarse fabric, baskets and containers . The necessity of joining pieces of fabric led to the evolution of a coarse method of stitchery, which in time became the decorative medium, which we know as embroidery. Embroidery stitches depend on embroidery techniques.
Given below are instructions for working the basic embroidery stitches :
Back stitch :
Bring the thread through on the stitch line, then take a small backward stitch through the fabric . Bring the needle through again a little in front of the first stitch, take another stitch, inserting the needle at the point where it first came through .
Blanket Stitch :
Bring the thread out on the lower line, insert the needle in the position in the upper line, taking a straight downward stitch with the thread under the needle point . Pull up the stitch to form a loop and repeat .
Buttonhole stitch :
Buttonhole stitch is worked in the same way as the blanket stitch, the only difference being that in buttonhole stitch the stitches are closed together .
Chain stitch :
Bring the thread out at top of line and hold down with left thumb. Insert the needle where it last emerged and bring the point out at a short distance away. Pull the thread through, keeping the working thread under the needle point .
Lazy Dazy stitch :
Work in the same way as in chain stitch but fasten each loop at the foot with a small stitch. This stitch may be worked singly or in- group to form flower petals.
Wheat Tear Stitch :
Work tow straight stitches at A and B. Bring the thread through below these stitches at C and pass the needle under the tow straight stitches without entering the fabric, Insert the needle at C and bring it through at D.
Kasida of Kashmir :
Work closely rows of chain stitch inside the pattern. This stitch is the traditional embroidery of kashmir .
Running stitch :
Pass the needle over and under the fabric, making the upper stitch of equal length . The under stitches should also be equal, but half the size or less of the upper stitches .
Straight Stitch :
This is shown as single spaced stitches worked either in a regular or irregular manner . Sometimes the stitches are of varying size . The stitches should be neither too long nor too loose . It is also known as single satin stitch .
Seeding stitch :
This simple seeding stitch is composed of small straight stitches of equal length placed at random over the surface .
Dot Stitch :
This stitch is worked the same way as seeding stitch, the only difference being that the stitches in dot stitches are smaller .
Stem stitch :
Work form left to right taking regular, slightly slanting stitches along the line of the design . The thread always emerges on the left side of the previous stitch . This stitch is used for flowers, stem, outlines etc . and as filling stitch . It is one of the popular embroidery stitches.
Brick Stitch :
This stitch is worked in rows alternately from left to right . The first row consists of long and short stitches into which are fitted rows of even satin stitches, thus giving a brick formation .
Cross Stitch :
Bring the needle out at the lower right hand side, insert the needle four threads up and four threads to the left and bring out four threads down, thus forming a half cross stitch .
Goblin Stitch :
This is a stitch worked over tow horizontal threads of canvas and may be worked from right to left or from left to right .
Lay a thread along the line of the design and with another thread, tie it down at even intervals with a small stitch into the fabric . The tying stitch can be of contrasting colour .
Thorn Stitch :
This is a couching stitch in which the couching is done with cros stitch .
Close Herring Bone Stitch :
Shadow stitch is closed herringbone stitch worked on the wrong side . The dotted lines indicate the closed herringbone stitch underneath, which shows through the fine fabric .
Satin Stitch :
Proceed with the straight stitches worked closely together across the shape . Care must be taken to keep a good edge . Do not make the stitch too long, or they would be liable to be pulled out of position . This stitch may be worked from right to left or left to right .
Long and Short Stitch :
This form of satin stitch is used to fill a shape which is too large or too irregular to be covered by satin stitch . It is also used to achieve a shaded effect .
- Different Types of Embroidery Stitches; kashmir couching embroidery method; learning the different types of threads for embroidery; stitches in fashion; types of embroidery stitches; www types of kasida work;