Different Types of Fashion Accessories Made by Leather
Dept. of Fashion Design
KCC Women’s College (Affiliated by Khulna University)
Leather is a durable and flexible material created by the tanning of animal rawhide and skin, often cattle hide. It can be produced through manufacturing processes ranging from cottage industry to heavy industry.
Use of leather:
Leather is used for various purposes including clothing and fashion accessories like shoes, hats, jackets, skirts, trousers, gloves, belts, bookbinding, leather wallpaper, and as a furniture covering. It is produced in a wide variety of types and styles and is decorated by a wide range of techniques.
History of leather:
Primitive people who lived during the Ice Age some 500,000 years ago were likely the first to use the skins of animals to protect their bodies from the elements.
Now a day’s leather is used as a product like coats, jacket, and also made accessories such as shoes, belts, gloves, headwear and bags for carrying things were practical and durable. When fashion became an important element in the design of accessories of dress, special finishing methods and even techniques for dyeing leathers were developed to enhance.
The popularity of leathers has led to the development of artificial leathers, often made from vinyl, a type of plastic that can be extruded in to a continuous sheet, or from fabrics that have the appearance and/or textures associated with leather.
Anatomy of leather:
In the leather industry, the term hide is used to refer to the pelts of larger animals (e.g. horsehide, cowhide) and skin to the pelts of smaller animals (kidskin, sheepskin, pigskin). The contemporary method of handling leather includes several steps. Hair is removed from the pelt (dehairing), any remaining flesh is eliminated (fleshing), and the hide is cleaned.
Different types of leather and it’s product:
Leather from alligators with characteristic markings of block, rectangles and circles with cross markings between. Used for shoes, handbags and belts.
Rare soft velvety leather made from antelope or gazelle skins, usually sueded. Used for fine shoes and handbags.
Finish applied to leather giving a shaded effect by dyeing, buffing, wrinkling, waxing and oiling the surface to resemble old leather.
Fine, smooth, tight-grained leather made from Brazilian sheepskins used mainly for women’s dressy gloves.
Durable scuff-resistant leather made from kangaroo and wallaby hides. Similar to kidskin.
Durable, almost completely nonporous leather, made from the shell of horse butts used for uppers of fine men’s shoe.
Leather given a crinkled surface made by hand boarding, by machine boarding.
Industry term for leather having a natural grain or a distinctive pattern, e.g. alligator, lizard and snakeskin. Also includes embossed effects or leathers given a decorative finish, e.g. metallic kid.
In the leather industry, the side of the skin or hide from which the hair has been removed.
Durable fine-grained leather from horses and colts. Usually imported and used flesh side up with grain. Used for inside surface of shoe uppers.
Leather with a distinctive rosette pattern caused by removal of plumes from ostrich skins. Used for fine shoes and handbags.
Simulated or imitation patent leather made from a vinyl compound that is durable and will not split or crack like genuine patent. Used for shoes and handbags and in lighter weight for jackets, coats and trimmings.
Almost scuff-proof leather made from the skin of certain species of sharks. The “outer armor”, called shagreen, is removed before the skins are tanned. Used for shoes, belts, hand-bags, wallets and cigarette cases.
Diamond-pattern leather with overlapping scales process from skin of a number of species of snakes (e.g., diamond-backed rattlesnake, python, cobra or boa.
Farmed in Iceland and Norway, salmon skin has fine scales. Its strength and elegant look make it the most popular fish leather.
Leather made from skin of a young sheep.
Leather in modern culture:
Due to its excellent resistance to abrasion and wind, leather found a use in rugged occupations. The enduring image of a cowboy in leather chaps gave way to the leather-jacketed and leather-helmeted aviator. When motorcycles were invented, some riders took to wearing heavy leather jackets to protect from road rash and wind blast; some also wear chaps or full leather pants to protect the lower body. Top-quality motorcycle leather is superior to any practical man-made fabric for abrasion protection and is still used in racing.