Sewing Stitch | Types of Sewing Stitches
Sewing stitches can sometimes be used to decorate item, but more often serve a utilitarian function . Occasionally they are both functional and decorative. Sewing can be done by hand or by machine and frequently serves to hold several sections of an accessory together . Examples in – clued sewing the sole of a shoe to the upper section , stitching the parts of gloves together, or sewing together pieces of a handbag . Sewing stitches may be used to finish the edges of such items as scarves or handkerchiefs . Sewing stitches are the simple ways to decorate your dress.
Here I will mention some sewing stitches that’s are mostly used to decorate your dress, household items like bed sheets, pillow covers, well mats, table mats etc.
1. Back stitch :
Stitch used for hand sewing to prevent seam from ripping out . Each stitch goes back over the space left by previous stitch, giving the appearance of a machine stitch . Back stitch sewing term for reversing stitch on sewing machine . Used to secure threads at the beginning and ending of seams .
2. Baste :
To stitch fabrics together either by hand or using a large machine so as to hole them in place temporarily prior to sewing final seams . After stitching , bastings are removed .
3. Basting :
Loose running stitches , often alternating long and short , used to hold sections of garment together before machine stitching .
4. Blind stitch :
See types of sewing stitches defined slip stitch .
5. Buttonhole stitch :
See types of embroidery stitch defines buttonhole stitch .
6. Chain stitch :
Machine stitch made by a commercial sewing machine done with a single thread forming a chain on the back used for hems and shoes easy to remove .
7. Cross stitch :
X- shaped stitch used to attach a hem or facing . One half of the stitch catches the hem or facing and the other half the base fabric .
8. Gathering :
Drawing up fullness along several threads in a row of stitching . Also see types of sewing stitches defined shirring .
9. Hemming stitch:
Long , loose , slanting stitch placed through hem and caught to fabric with a very small stitch .
10. Lock stitch :
Machine stitch done with one the eat coming across he top of the machine around the tension and through the needle . Other thread comes from a bobbin on the underside of the machine .
11. Over casting :
- By hand : Diagonal edging stitch that always enters the fabric from the same side and goes around raw edge to keep it from fraying .
- By machine : A similar finish for raw edges made by a special sewing machine attachment or a server .
12. Running stitch :
13. Shirring :
Three or more rows of gathers made by small running stitches in parallel lines . Used to produce decorative control of fullness in selected areas , such as at tops of gloves . Also called may be made by using a large stitch on the sewing machine and then pulling the bobbin thread to from gather or by using elastic thread on the bobbin .
14. Slip stitch :
Small almost invisible stitches with connecting thread hidden under fabric . Used to join an edge to a single layer . Also called blind stitch blind hemming , invisible hemming .
15. Tack :
To sew together lights with invisible stitches or to join by sewing loosely at just one point .
16. Tailor’s tack :
Large stitch taken through two thicknesses of fabric with a loop left between the layers . The layers are cut apart , leaving tufts in each piece to be used for guide marks in clothing construction . Also called mark stitch .
17. Top – stitch :
Machine stitching slowing on the right side on the garment .
18. Whip stitch :
Short overcast stitch used on rolled or raw edges .
19. Zigzag stitch :
Sewing machine stitch giving a saw – toothed effect used to connect two flat pieces of fabric together. Also used on edges of fabric to eliminate fraying .