An Assignment on Garment Pressing
B.Sc. in Fashion Design
KCC Women’s College (Affiliated by Khulna University)
Pressing is a finishing process done by subjecting a cloth to heat and pressure with or without steam to remove unintended creases and to impart a flat appearance to the cloth or garments. Also, pressing id done to introduce creases in the garments. In garments industries, pressing is called Ironing.
2. Objects of garment pressing:
The main aim of garment pressing is to increase the adornment of the garments. Also, the following are the objects of garment pressing:
- Removal of unwanted creases and crinkles:
Different types of unwanted creases and crinkles are happened during making of garments. It may be forms due to the washing of garments. To remove these unwanted creases and crinkles from the garments, pressing is done.
- To apply creases where necessary:
Sometimes, it is applied creasing effect to the garments to increase the beauty of that garments. Also, this is done before sewing to increase the beauty and proper sewing to the garments. These creases are applied by pressing.
Dart and seam are use to the garments for proper shaping to the wearer. To increase the beauty and attractiveness of created shape by using dart and seam is done by pressing. Sometimes it needs to shrink or stretch of garments parts for shaping, generally, pressing machine consists of a special type of bed is used for pressing.
- Under pressing:
To do help for sewing easily and beautifully, it must need to give minimum pressing to some parts of garments before to give minimum pressing to some parts of garments before sewing is called under pressing. Specially, under pressing is done to most of the garments industries for making Coat, Jacket, and Trouser and so on.
- Final pressing:
The garments are pressed finally before folding or after making of garments, is called final pressing. It is done to increases the beauty of garments and to impart a flat appearance to the cloth or garments.
3. Categories of pressing:
The garments are different types, especially, different in design and garments materials. The pressing of garments are five categorized, designs and materials are given below:
3.1 No pressing:
Some garments are available; these are not need to pressing. Such as, underwear, briefs, swimwear. These types’ garments are made by knitted fabric.
3.2 Minimum pressing:
Some garments are available; these are not needed finishing done by applying heat but no need pressing. Such as Night gowns knitted T-Shirt, Leisure wear and so on. . These types of garments are pressing by steaming and by flowing dry air to the garments and called minimum pressing.
3.3 Under pressing:
To do help for sewing easily and beautifully, it must need to give minimum pressing to some parts of garments before sewing is called under pressing. Specially, under pressing is done to most of the garments industries for making coat, jacket, and trouser and so on. Sometimes, there is needed of unpicking and again under pressing is done before sewing.
3.4. Final pressing:
These types’ garments are applying heat and pressing to the garments. This is done after making of garments. This is generally done in jacket, trouser, skirt and so on. Special type of pressing machine is used for final pressing.
3.5. Permanent pressing:
Permanent pressing is a special type of pressing, when it is given to retain the Shape of garments or special conditions. Such as, dart and pleat, which cannot be displace or drawn-off after washing of garments again and again.
This type of pressing is done by applying high temperature and steam, sometimes, there is needed for pressing.
4. Pressing equipment’s and methods:
The garments may be different in types, especially, different in design and garments materials. As a result, it needs different types of pressing for different types of garments and need different types pressing machine. There are different types of pressing marching or equipment are using are given below:
- At the ancient period, a small case, made by iron in which the heated coal and wood is used by burning and the garments are pressed by the lower smooth surfaces of case.
- At present, these coal and wood are replaced by electricity and this eclectic iron is widely used in household purpose.
- To control the temperature of electric iron, it is needed to control the regulator.
- For updating and to do easy, Iron is heated by supplying steam to the steam Iron.
- The steam inlet and outlet is controlled by a controlling switch provided in the Iron.
- For steam Iron, special air suction bed is used to control the unexpected crease on garments.
- This is triangular in shape and weighted from 1 to 15 kegs.
- Iron pressing
4.2 Steam press:
- This contains a static buck and a head whose are shaped with each other.
- The fabric is placed on the buck and the head is placed then on it and pressing is done by applying heat and pressure.
- The ironing bed is made by spreading the layers of fabrics on the buck which is placed in a frame.
- There is provided air suction and steam flow system through the buck.
- The table is placed around the buck on which fabric is placed.
- The head is placed down on the buck by scissor action and then pressure is applied.
- Stem press
4.3 Steam air finish:
- This type of garments finishing machine is known as puffer or dolly press.
- The dolly press contains a frame which contains form and the steam and compressed air are flowed by pipe through the form.
- The pressing form is generally made by heavy canvas fabric.
- There is no sleeve and the usable form size is made according to the size of body of garments.
- Steam and air are supplied for a predetermined time by using a timer.
- Normally, 8 seconds for steam supply and next 8 seconds for hot air supply.
- This type pressing is used for pressing T-shirts, jeans, pants, blouses, and sportswear and so on.
- Steam air finish
4.4 Steam tunnel:
- In this process garments are pressed without any pressure.
- Garments are hung on hanger and pushed into a tanner containing separate chamber through a running rain.
- Garments are heated on first chamber and unexpected crease is removed from fabric by relaxation and gravitational force.
- Garments are dried by hot air in the 2nd chamber.
- This type of pressing is used for pressing T-shirts and knitted wears.
- Steam tunnel
5. Advantages and Disadvantages of Pressing:
The advantages of a Garment Steamer over a Steam iron are highlighted below.
- Suitability of the product depends on usage and the types of clothes you have. Both devices are complimentary of each other.
5.1 Advantages of Garment Pressing :
- Easy to use
- Quick start-up (one setting for all garments)
- Speedy/Time efficient
- No need for an ironing board
- Steamers can safely iron delicate garments
- Steaming is good for hygiene
5.2 Disadvantages of Garment Pressing :
- Steamer is not suitable for all materials, light fabrics mainly
- Steamer is not as effective as an iron in removing deep wrinkles
- Difficult to iron the edges of clothes
- Hot steam is dangerous (care needs be taken when handling clothes)
- Steamer can be noisy and may discharge steam with a bad smell
- Risk of leakage (steam is more moist on a garment steamer compared with a steam.
- advantages of garment finishing; disadvantages of ironing shirts wikipeadia; garment hard pressing vs soft pressing; garment pressing; what are the disadvantages of a garment steamer; yhs-SF01;