History of Women Costume (1954 – 1964)
Sabrina Taznin Disha
KCC Women’s College
(Affiliated by Khulna University),
Brassieres , underpants , slips and girdles continued to be the most common items of women’s underwear . They were made in solid colors and restrained prints in the first part of the decade . Among different women costume undergarment are so important. Because it cover the most sensitive portion of female body.
A new garments , part hosiery , part underwear was introduced . Sheer , nylon , pantyhose was first marketed as an alternative to nylon stockings held up with a garter belt or girdle about 1960 . Structured in the same way as the opaque , knitted tights worn by dancers , there garments joined underpants and stocking into one garment and became a virtual necessity as skirts became shorter.
Daytime Dresses :
Skirts shortened gradually .
The earliest examples of the new styles were either straight and unfitted or princess style with a slight A – line in which the waist was loosely defined . The skimmer a sleeveless , princess – line style was a popular example of the latter form . The empire waistline experienced a brief revival around 1960 .
Acceptance of a new line in suit styles came earlier than for dresses . These were generally made with loosely fitted jackets . One of the more important suits was chanel’s braid – trimmed , collarless , cardigan –style jacket with three – quarter length sleeves . A – line skirt and blouse with a bow tie at the neck and sleeves extending a little beyond the jacket sleeves .
Evening wear :
Evening dresses were made in both long and short lengths but short lengths were preferred . As the fitted styles lost their popularity , elaborately beaded bodices or overblouses were worn with long skirts .
A gradual shift to a gentle A – line could be seen .
The tight figure – hugging , fitted blouses gave way to looses styles many with straight lines .
In the early 1960s , knitted stretch pants with narrow legs were worn with straight or blouson tops or knitted tops .
The variety of styles increased in the late 1950s and 1960s adding short – legged pajamas , short nightshirts and a wide range of colors and fabrics to more traditional styles .
Hair and Headdress :
New , bouffant hairstyles , the fullness achieved by a technique of massing the hair called “ backcombing “ and the addition of artificial hair pieces became stylish in the early 60s.
More and more women elected to go hatless as a result of lifestyle changes . Bouffant hairstyles also discouraged the wearing of hats . Those hats that were worn included many with large crowns and small or no brims .
Footwear is a most fashionable women costume. Different types of footwear used in the period of 1954-1964.
Stockings without seams became popular advances in technology for making nylon stockings made possible the construction of seamless stockings that fit the leg smoothly and without wrinkles . Pantyhose gained wide acceptance .
In the mid – 1950s toes of shoes grew more pointed and heels narrower .
Shown first in the early 1960 , boots were quickly adopted for cold weather . They ranged from ankle – length , short boots worn with stretch pants to calf – high boots .
Notable among widely varying types and shapes were small tailored bags , very large bags with round handles and shoulder straps , shoulder bags . Materials included leather and plastic imitations of leather , fabric and straw .
Popular jewelry items included long strings of pearls or other beads similar to those worn in the 1920s , necklaces of brightly colored stones , earrings either small or long and hanging and an enormous variety of costume jewelry at a variety of prices .