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How Fashion Designers Choose the Perfect Fabrics for a Dress

How Fashion Designers Choose the Perfect Fabrics for a Dress

Jahanara Akter
Editor, Fashion Elongation
Email: fashionelongation@gmail.com




As a fashion designer it is extremely important that you understand what properties fabrics have and how best to use them on the body, functionally and aesthetically. The best fashion designers have a strong understanding of fabrics, how best to design with them and construct garments from them.

The best design ideas on paper will remain just drawings unless the designer has these skills. Try to integrate the design of the silhouette and details with the choice of fabric as you go along.

Fashion designer collect the fabric swatch
Fashion designer collect the fabric swatch

Fabrics can stimulate garment ideas and vice versa. Certain designers will be known for their use of textiles for fashion, others for their details and silhouettes, but these designers still need to choose the right fabric for their designs.

To make a fashionable and trendy garments, at first fashion designers are need to select the perfect fabrics. The fabric selection process is very complicated, because the wrong choice can mean a very unsuccessful project.

Fashion designer choose the fabrics for a dress
Fashion designer choose the fabrics for a dress

Fabric selection process for a fashion designer:

Here I will mention the some points to select the perfect fabrics for a dress.

  • At first designer select the target customers like men, women and children then select the fabrics according to the customer and their age.
  • A poor design can be improved with a fabulous fabric, but a fabulous design rarely works in a dreadful fabric. Consider what you are trying to achieve in your fashion designs.
  • The season you are designing for can dictate the choice of fabric. Heavier fabrics are used more in autumn/winter and lighter, breathable fabrics are used in the spring/summer dress.
  • However, we tend now to be able to wear a variety of fabrics in all seasons as we live and work in heated and air-conditioned environments.
  • Consider the durability and function of the fabric.
  • People are always avoid the dry cleaned option for everyday wearing garments. So designer should consider it.
  • Are you after a flashy print or embellished garment to dazzle as a showpiece on the catwalk? You may need a fabric that will show off design details of cut, seam lines and darts – a woolly knit certainly would not allow for this, but a simple plain weave would work well.
  • What kind of silhouette are you working with? A fitted silhouette close to the body can be created with a tailored woven fabric or may be a stretch fabric or bias-cut fabric.
  • A silhouette that sits away from the body could be created from thick boiled wool or perhaps from a crisp organza with French seams giving structure to the garment.
  • If the garment needs to be worn in poor weather conditions consider the fabric and construction finishes best suited for this.
  • Lastly, how much does the fabric cost that you are using?
  • Is it appropriate to the level of the market you are targeting?
  • A couture garment will feature the most high-quality original fabrics available.
  • High street designs will be made from cheaper, high-performing fabrics that are durable and wash well.
  • As a knitted textile designer it is possible to design just the knitted sample, but you are more likely to design the sample and also the garment that the sample becomes. These two processes are very much connected, as the garment literally grows from the knitted stitch.
  • As a print or weave designer the process of textile design and garment design are less integral. The fabric tends to first be designed as a length and then the garment is cut from it. However, some of the most interesting print and weave designs can come from the knitwear approach where the garment shape develops along with the fabric sample so that they connect with each other.
  • Each of the fabric suppliers offers different costs, fabrics, prints, colors, and source mills. So a smart idea is for a designer to research the latest fabric trends and reliable suppliers before entering a fabric store. This will save a design lots of time and money.



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