Principles of Garments Finishing for a Sample Garments
Nishat Nawshin Ruchi
Lecturer, Dept. of Fashion Design
KCC Women’s College (Affiliated by Khulna University)
Finishing and inspection are the last two major operations in the manufacturing of garments. In most factories these two operations are performed by separate department or section.
All sample garments also have to be finished and inspected and this is done in the sample room for convenience and because of the close involvement of the designer at each stage. Garments finishing processes are vital in the production of sample garments because finishing ensures that the garment is correctly completed in every detail and also confirm the order from buyer.
Finishing section covers all the operations required to complete a garments. For most garments this process starts after top pressing. The details involved in finishing vary according to garments type but in principles are as describe here.
Principles of Garments Finishing:
- Attaching buttons
- Final touches
1. Attaching buttons:
Attaching buttons has two stages. They are.
The hand marking of button position required accuracy in four respects:
a. For symmetrical garments the button positions have to ensure the overall symmetry of the garments. Some of the important points to observe are:
- Collar ends and lapel steps on both fronts must be the same distance down from the neck line.
- Pockets have to be at the same height.
- Lateral seams need to be matched across the fronts.
- Darts should starts and finish at the same level.
b. The button spacing has to be exact in order to ensure flat laying fronts.
c. The specified wrap allowance must be observed.
d. With stripe or checked materials, pattern symmetry and alignment are essential.
The button of classic shirt and blouse samples are generally sewn on during production by automatic Button sewers. These machines can be set for specific spacing and the buttons are automatically fed to the button clamp.
After completing the marking, sewing and button attaching process, top pressing must be needed on garment.
Labels are of great benefit for the wearer, and an important aspect of finishing sample garments is to ensure that the correct labels are in the right positions, ensure correct way of label attaching, and also ensure all labels are attached here or not such as; Care label, Size label, Flag label, Main label etc.
The last stage of the finishing process is to thoroughly clean the garment of all thread ends and stains. This means that the sample has to be gone over very carefully because nothing gives a worse impression to a buyer than trailing threads or unremoved stains on the inside or outside of the garment.
4. Final touches:
Garments often required some hand finishing with steam. A very effective tool for this is the Stand Mounted Finishing Iron. The height and angle of the iron can be adjusted in order to operate it in a static position. It can be removed dust and used by hand. A steam brush can be fitted to the iron sole when it is used to remove shine and marks from velour’s, velvet and other napped clothes.
When the garment has been checked for finish in the finishing section it is ready to go for inspect the garments.