Methods of Quality Improvement in the Apparel Industry
There are many methods for quality improvement. Methods of Quality Improvement mainly cover product improvement, process improvement and people based improvement. In the following list are methods of quality management techniques that incorporate and drive quality improvement.
Quality improvement methods in garments industry:
Here I will mention some quality and productivity improvement techniques that are widely used in the apparel industry.
- ISO 9004:2000: Guidelines for performance improvement.
- ISO 15504-4: 2005– Information technology – process assessment – part 4: Guideline on use for process improvement and process capacity determination.
- QFD– Quality Function Deployment, also known as the house of quality approach.
- Kaizen– Japanese for change for the better; the common English usage is continual improvement.
- Zero Defect Program: Created by NEC Corporation of Japan, based upon Statistical Process Control and one of the inputs for the inventors of Six Sigma.
- Six Sigma– Six Sigma is based upon Statistical Process Control.
- PDCA– Plan Do Check Act cycle for quality control purposes. Improved versions of this cycle such as STARS and Six Sigma’s DMAIC methods (Design, Measure, Analysis, Improve, Control) for more general improvement purposes.
- Quality Circle– A group (people oriented) approach to improvement.
- Taguchi methods– Statistical oriented methods including quality robustness, Quality loss function and target satisfactions.
- The Toyota Production System reworked in the west into Lean Manufacturing.
- Kansei Engineering– An approach that focuses on capturing customer emotional feedback about products to derive improvement.
- TQM– Total Quality Management is a strategy aimed at embedding awareness of quality in all organizational processes. First promoted in Japan with the Deming prize which was adopted and adapted in USA as the Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award and in Europe as the European Foundation for Quality Management Award (each with their own variation).
- TRIZ– Meaning “Theory of Inventive Problem Solving”.
- BPR– Business Process Re-engineering, a management approach aiming at “Clean slate” improvements (i.e. ignoring existing practices).