Special Knitted Fabrics and Finishes Part-2
BGMEA University of Fashion Technology
Industrial products and components:
Industrial products such as ﬁlters, conveyor belts and abrasive belts, as well as reinforcements for printed circuit boards, seals and gaskets, and other industrial equipment.
Medical and hygiene textiles
The largest use of textiles is for hygiene applications such as wipes, babies’ diapers (nappies) and adult sanitary and incontinence products.
Nonwovens dominate these applications which account for over 23% of all nonwoven use, the largest proportion of any of the 12 major markets for technical textiles.
The other side of the medical and hygiene market is a rather smaller but higher value market for medical and surgical products such as operating gowns and drapes, sterilization packs, dressings, sutures and orthopedic pads. At the highest value end of this segment are relatively tiny volumes of extremely sophisticated textiles for uses such as artiﬁcial ligaments, veins and arteries, skin replacement, hollow ﬁbers for dialysis machines and so on.
Hollow ﬁbers with excellent insulating properties are widely used in bedding and sleeping bags. Other types of fiber are increasing in furniture because of concern over the ﬁre and health hazards posed by such materials.
Woven fabrics are still used to a signiﬁcant extent as carpet and furniture backings and in some smaller, more specialized areas such as curtain header tapes. However, nonwovens such as spunbondeds have made signiﬁcant inroads into these larger markets while various drylaid and hydro-entangled products are now widely used in household cleaning applications in place of traditional mops and dusters.
This category includes ﬁbers, yarns and textiles used as technical components in the manufacture of clothing such as sewing threads, interlinings, waddings and insulation.
Agriculture, horticulture and fishing
Textiles have always been used extensively in the course of food production, most notably by the ﬁshing industry in the form of nets, ropes and lines but also by agriculture and horticulture for a variety of covering, protection and containment applications. Including jute and sisal sacking and twine, by lighter, longer lasting synthetic substitutes, especially polypropylene.
At sea, ﬁsh farming is a growing industry which uses specialized netting and other textile products.
Packaging and containment
Important uses of textiles include the manufacturing of bags and sacks, traditionally from cotton, ﬂax and jute but increasingly from polypropylene.
Tea and coffee bags use wet-laid nonwovens. Meats, vegetables and fruits are now frequently packed with a nonwoven insert to absorb liquids. Other fruits and vegetable products are supplied in knitted net packaging.
Sport and leisure
The applications are advanced carbon ﬁbre composites for racquet frames, ﬁshing rods, golf clubs and cycle frames. Other highly visible uses are balloon fabrics, parachute and paraglide fabrics and sailcloth.
Protective and safety clothing and textiles
It includes protection against cuts, abrasion, ballistic and other types of severe impact including stab wounds and explosions, ﬁre and extreme heat, hazardous dust and particles, nuclear, biological and chemical hazards, high voltages and static electricity, foul weather, extreme cold and poor visibility.