Techniques of Decorative Dyeing
Shirin M Shanu
Dept. of Fashion Design
Shanto-Mariam University of Creative Technology,
When the process of dyeing is carried out in a selective way to get different designs, it is called decorative dyeing or resist dyeing. In other word resist dyeing is called decorative dyeing. The term resist dyeing is used because in these techniques, some resist materials (threads, yarns or wax) are used on specific areas to prevent them from being dyed. A number of beautiful designs can be created in this manner.
The two most popular techniques of decorative or resist dyeing are –
- Tie Dye
1. Tie Dye:
In tie and dye, threads are used as a resist material to stop the dye from entering the selected areas of the fabric. Tying of the fabric is done according to the design to be made. There are many ways in which you can create designs using tie and dye technique. Different methods of Tie-dye on fabric are:
Take the fabric and crumble it to form a ball. Tie it with a thread at different areas, randomly. Then dye the fabric. Open it and dry. The dyed fabric will have a marble effect.
Pick up the fabric (Duptatta, table cloth or bed sheets) from one point and tie with a thread at intervals and dye it.
c) Knotting :
Put knots on the fabrics wherever desired and dye it.
d) Folding :
Put the fabric flat on a table. Pleat and fold it uniformly in lengthwise direction. Tie it with a yarn at regular intervals, to get width wise lines after dyeing. For horizontal lines, pleat and fold the fabric width wise. Roll the fabric from one corner to the diagonally opposite corner and tie at regular intervals to get diagonal lines.
e) Peg Tying:
You can also use cloth pegs or clamps as resist materials. Fold the fabric and put pegs at regular interval.
f) Tritik :
Make a design of your choice on the fabric with running stitch, pull the thread tightly and tie it.
Batik is also a method of resist dyeing. Here, wax is used as a resist material to prevent the dye from colouring certain areas. On selected areas of the fabric, a mixture of Bees’ wax and paraffin wax is filled with a brush or a block, according to the design. These areas do not get coloured when dyed giving a patterned effect. The wax is later removed.