Tribal Dresses in Bangladesh
Dept. of Fashion Design
KCC Women’s College (Affiliated by Khulna University),
An ethnic groups tends to be defined by a shared cultural heritage, ancestry, myth of origins, history, homeland, language (dialect), or even ideology, and manifests itself through symbolic systems such as religion, mythology and ritual, cuisine, dressing style, physical appearance, etc.
Different kind of ethnic groups are lived in our country. Each ethnic groups has to follow their own tradition, culture, language and dresses.
Some traditional dresses of ethnic groups are shortly described in below:
1. The Chakma:
Chakma is the name of the largest tribal people in Bangladesh. Mainly lives in the districts of- Rangamati, Bandarban, Khagrachhari.
Traditionally Chakma women wear- Phinon Khadi/Hadi an ankle length cloth. Put a wrapped cloth, put on around above their waist.
Present Dress for Women:
Scenario has been changed. Educated Chakma women feel comfort to wear- Skirt, Saree, Shalwar Kamiz, Tops.
Traditionally Chakma men wear- Gamcha, Dhuti.
Present Dress for Men:
Scenario has been changed. To get better comfort Chakma men wear- Shirt, Lungi, Pajamas, and Trousers.
Festival Dress for Chakma:
The Chakma’s main festival is Biju. On this day they like to wear more or less their traditional but new dress.
2. The Manipuris:
The Manipuri people live in the district of Sylhet of north eastern Bangladesh.
The costumes of Manipur carry their own unique characteristics. In general they wear- Innaphi. Both Innaphi and Phanek is shawl like cloth, put on the upper portion of their body. Sarong wrap around skirt.
Traditionally Manipuri men like to wear – Dhuti, Jacket, White pagri or Tubran.
Manipuri Couple like to wear traditional Wedding Dress. Bride wears raslila skirt in their marriage ceremony. The bridegroom’s dress is white dhoti, kurta & turban.
3. The Santals:
Mainly live in the Himalayan sub-mountain region indifferent districts of Rajshahi Division.
Traditionally Santali women wear- Panchi, like a lungi, which hangs from the waist up to just below the knee. Padhan wrap or scarf to cover the body.
Santali men wear- Dhuti or Lungi. Nengti specially for the boys.
4. The Tripuris:
The Tripuri people mainly lives in- Comilla , Noakhali, Sylhet.
Traditionally Tripuri women wear- Rignai, Risa, Rikutu.Covers lower half, Covers chest part, Covers whole of their body.
For daily life purpose, traditionally Tripuri men wear- Rikutu, Kubai,Pagri, and Gamcha.
Festival Dress for Tripuri:
According to the festival mood Tripuris dress can be varied-Goria Dance, Hojagiri Dance, Lebang bumani Dance.
5. The Garos:
The Garos, Murongs now live in Lama, Ruma, Alikadom and Thanchi upazilas near Chimbuk Mountain of Bandarban district.
Traditionally Garo women wear- Gena unstitched piece of cloth like lungi that covers the body from the waist to the knee. Dakmunda Same as gena but it extends below the knee. Gamchha Sari Specially educated women prefer to wear saree, Pagri and Gena. Garo women wearing Pagri & Gena, Woman in Wanglai and Risa aged Murongs like to wear Lungi and Shirt.
Traditionally Garo men prefer to wear- Shirt, Lungi. Aditionally Murongi men wear- Wanglai and Risa.The wanglai is 9 to 11 inches in a piece of cloth like risa to cover breadth and while wearing it they their chest when they go to the keep 4 to 6 inches on the left side market near the waist empty as a matter of custom Traditionally Murongi men prefer to wear- Shirt, Lungi.
6. The Khasias:
The Khasias people who reside in the hilly areas of Sylhet in Bangladesh.
The traditional Khasi female dress is called the Jainsem or Dhara. The “Dhara” consists of a single piece of material also fastened at each shoulder. Traditionally Khasi women wear- Ka-jimpin, Nimakti, Jamapo, Chusut. Blouse like dress Sleeveless, long Scarf like cloth worn lower part of their body.
The traditional Khasias male dress is a Jymphong, longi, sleeveless coat without collar, fastened by thongs in front. Nowadays, most male Khasis have adopted western attire. On ceremonial occasions they appear in a Jymphong and sarong with an ornamental waist-band and they may also wear a turban.Traditionally Murongi men prefer to wear- Fung marung, Lungi, Pocket less fatua like dress.
7. The Rakhain:
Rakhain population in Bangladesh at about 7,000. More than eighty percent of them live in Ramu, Cox’s Bazar, Bandarban, Manikchhari and Teknaf.
Women wear a dress known as nima while the women wear embroidered lungis and blouses of colourful designs and also various types of ornaments on their bodies and flowers on their heads, some of them also use blouses similar to the angi in design. They are very hard working. They are skilled in crafts, especially in making handloom items. As a nation, the Rakhains have their own culture. Different festivals are a part of their culture.
The common dress of Rakhain men is the shirt; lungi and fatua. They wear turbans and use self-woven lungis and bags.
8. The Marma:
The Marmas are the second largest ethnic minority in Bangladesh. Most Marmas live in the three hill districts of Rangamati, Bandarban and Khagrachari. Some Marmas live in the coastal districts of Cox’s Bazar and Patuakhali.
Men & Women dresses:
Marma men and women typically wear thami and lungi. However, the lungi used by men is more a waistcoat than a blouse. Marmas make their own clothes using traditional weaving technology, although many Marmas now purchase Bangali dresses from the market.
This ethnic group has been living for many generations in the hilly parts of Mymehsingh district.
Men & Women dresses:
Hajong men wear dhuti and women wear a piece of cloth to cover the upper part of the body and a separate piece for the waist downward. They usually wear homemade clothes. Hajongs lead simple lives.
10. The Tanchyanga:
The Tanchyanga are a small ethnic community living in the Chittagong Hill Tracts.
Tanchyangas wear traditional costumes. Their women look very attractive in their costumes. Tanchyanga women excel all other hilly women in wearing colourful clothes and ornaments. Among the variety of their ornaments are Rajjur and jhanga for ears, baghors and kuchikhadu for wrists, tajjur for arms, chandrahar, hachuli and sikichada for the neck. Usually these jewelries are made of silver. Tanchyanga women wear five kinds of clothes which are attractive and colourful. Now women wear Bangladeshi dresses like sarees, blouse, salwar and kameez.
The men of this tribe wear simple clothes without designs. Tanchyanga men usually wear loincloth and long-sleeved shirts. There have been changes in their attire and ornaments in recent years. They now use the same clothes as men of other communities of Bangladesh. Men wear shirt, trousers and lungi.
- chakma dress thami; homemade banderban craft making; how to wear garo traditional; new manipuri traditional phanek; tops suitable for a phanek;