Types of Defects During Garments Inspection
Nishat Nawshin Ruchi
Lecturer, Dept. of Fashion Design
KCC Women’s College (Affiliated by Khulna University)
Defects in the eyes of buyers or during inspection defects are generally classified into 3 (three) categories. They are:
- Critical defect
- Major Defect
- Minor Defect
1. Critical defect:
A Critical defect is one that is deemed to be hazardous or unsafe when using the product. A critical defect is also a deviation from delivery requirements which prevents the product from being received. If one (1) occurrence of critical defect is observed during the inspection, the entire lot will be rejected. A 100% inspection will be carried-out by the garments factory QA Staff to remove the defective products.
- Product is dangerous and could injure the user.
2. Major Defects:
The defects that are easily visible and impair functional quality or serviceability of a product are called major defects. Stain, hole, seam puckering, etc on the front part of a garment comprise major defects. Major defects spoil general good appearance and the saleability of the products. Buyers are not interested to purchase such goods. No one is certainly interested to buy a defective merchandise at a price.
- Fabric with hole
- If wrong button attached
3. Minor Defects:
The defects that are not visible from outside or are located in the unimportant area of garments and do not impair their functional quality comprise minor defects. Buyers generally accept garments with minor defects.
- If printing defects not visible
- Poor sewing defects but not visible.
List of major defects:
Customers generally supply a list of major defects so as to take care of them.
This is to be noted that for manufacture of quality garments the following measures have to be rigorously taken prior to start of production, there should an approved sample and approved swatch card. Swatch card must show fabric, trimmings, accessories, etc required for production of garments.
- Check quality of raw materials as soon as they reach store and ensure their specified quality.
- Pattern should be flawless.
- Ensure that a proper Quality Management System (QMS) is installed and working.
- Size and color-wise bundling of cut fabrics should be precise.
- Ensue that sewing and stitching should be without defects.
- Ensure workmanship and work standard.
- Ensure quality of finishing and packing.
- Assortment should be as per satisfaction.
- Ensure use of proper machine, tools, folders and attachments etc.
- Machinery should be well maintained.
- Workers should be highly skilled and trained to do their respective job well.
- Job of each operator should be clearly explained and if possible, should be given in writing.
- major defects of quality garments;