Types of Fabric for Plus-sized Fashion Designs:
Generally, natural fibers are the best investment for plus-sized apparel fashion designs. They are easier to sew because they press well and they look and feel best on plus-sized bodies.
1. Woollens and worsteds :
Woollens and worsteds are usually knitted or woven from the hair of sheep. They usually require dry cleaning. They are warm, absorbent, bulky and fuzzy. For these softer fabrics, pilling, abrasion and felting from perspiration, body warmth and pressure can be a problem.
2. Silk :
Silk is luxurious and comfortable to wear. Filament silk is made from very long, smooth silk fibers, so it is slippery and lustrous. Raw or noil silk is made from shorter pieces of silk fiber. It is much less expensive than filament silk and feels similar to cotton. It is most perfect fiber for fashion designs.
3. Cotton :
Cotton is comfortable and absorbent, drapes well and varies widely in quality. Generally, look for a close weave and a long fibre length. Some cottons are heavily sized or starched, to make them seem crisper, heavier and more expensive, but of course the sizing will wash out, when the fabric is laundered or dry-cleaned. Most cottons launder well, but bright colours may fade and many cottons may require ironing.
4. Linen :
Linen fibres come from the flax plant and have been around even longer than silk. Linen is one of the favorite fibres for plus-sized designs. It is beautifully breathable and strong and wears very well. It is crisp, slightly lustrous and luxurious. Linen fabrics vary in weight from transparent handkerchief ‘linen to heavy upholstery fabrics.
5. Synthetics :
Man-made fibres are identified by their fibre name, trade name, or the manufacturing process used to turn the basic fibre into a fabric. Most synthetics were developed to re lace more costly or less available natural fibres.
6. Rayon :
Rayon fabrics are strong when dry but weak when wet. They are breathable, resist abrasion and drape attractively. They also shrink when laundered and most wrinkle very badly.
7. Acrylic :
Acrylic fibre was developed as a substitute for woollens and it is often seen in the form of knits and fleece fabrics. Acrylics are warm, bulky, fuzzy, stretchy and comfortable to wear and can be easily washed.
8. Nylon :
Nylon, also a substitute for silk, is usually slippery and very strong and drapes well, but it is also occlusive and has a very low melt temperature, so it does not take a press very well. Some of the newer types of nylon such as Taslan or Supplex are more comfortable and make excellent lightweight, windproof and water repellent outerwear for plus sizes.
9. Spandex :
Spandex is usually covered with other fibres such as cotton, nylon, silk or wool to produce blends for knitted and
10. Polyester :
Polyester, a.k.a. ‘The Famous Twin Sisters Polly and Esther’, is really a form of plastic made from petroleum products. Polyesters are wrinkle resistant, durable, cheap, widely available and attractive looking, but they do not breathe. They are extremely non-absorbent and uncomfortable to wear, especially for large, warm people.
Blends combine both the best and worst of their components’ performance characteristics. A cotton/ . polyester blend, for example, may make you feel sticky and will hold oil stains, but it will not wrinkle as much as all cotton. Blends also pill more easily than single fibre fabrics, because different fibres may pot stay twisted together and may break loose to form pills.